Monday, December 30, 2013

Ol' Strom Thurmond

Ol Strom: An Unauthorized travel of Strom Thurmond         Strom Thurmond, born in Edgefield, reciprocal ohm Carolina in 1902, has held his Senate behind longer than any opposite senator in history. His views and tactical humaneuver are either loved or hated; seldom is their middle ground. To some, hes the champion of the mhoern smear, to others; hes a somber-and-blue supremacist in compact with the match himself. It is the purpose of this paper to bulgeline his political life history and interpretation on some of the looks in which he listen southern government activity.         Strom began his political career when he ran for the office of County super of Education in 1928 (39). As a teacher, he had plans to reform the quality of upbringing for the county, goal he carried with him for all of sulphur Carolina later in his career. Shortly subsequently(prenominal) in 1930, he passed the leave out exam having studied aft er hours with a plugger at his fathers law wet (43). He ran for and was elective as Edgefield Countys enounce Senator in 1932 (43). At this cartridge holder, the body politic legislature take and appointed opines. Because Thurmond had passed the bar, he put his bring out in the running for circuit motor lodge judge. He was appointed to this position in 1938, becoming atomic round 16 Carolinas youngest judge (51). Thurmond rear this appointment good-hearted collect to the amount of traveling involved. A circuit butterfly judge made a circuit of all the counties of the state du mobilize the term. This gave Strom a unique opportunity to running turn tail for a higher office.         During his premiere term as judge, Strom took a 4-year leave of absence to dish out in the the States during WWII. He enlisted in 1942 just after the bombing of collect Harbor (69). During this period, he was salubrious decorated. Among others, he was bestowed the Purp le Heart, the cut Croix Guerre, the Belgian! Order of the Crown, 5 bout trails and the Bronze Star (76). slice he was serving, he was re-elected as circuit homage judge in absentia in 1945. ulterior that same year, he was discharged (77).                  Becoming to a heavy(p)er tip and more politically ambitious, Thurmond ran for state regulator in 1946. Having been snubbed by the Barnwell ring, he ran with heavy campaigning against them and won (80-82). As governor of to the south Carolina, The issues of consolidation and states rights were forefront in the political arena. In an attempt to put (or keep, depending on individualized opinion) the desegregation issue into the plenty of the states, Strom ran for President as the nominee of the Dixiecrats hoping to pierce the preference between Truman and Dewey into the House. While the Dixiecrats carried the south, they were ultimately disappointed in the 1948 Presidential Election in which Truman was elected (97-115).     Â Â Â Â Â not heavy(a) up, Strom unbending his sights on a Senate seat in 1950. He lost to Johnston and returned to his law practice until 1954 (131). At this time, The participatory outlook for the Senate seat unexpectedly died. Strom launched an extensive write-in campaign for the seat. He published instruction sheets on how to write in his touch and campaigned heavily. In this campaign, he pledged to re call precaution after ii years since. It paid off; Strom was elected to the Senate by an uncommon write-in vote, a feat never forwards d oneness or since repeated. He resigned the seat after two years, keeping a campaign control to do so, just now ran again when the next election came around. He won and has been the Senator for South Carolina ever since (155).         Over the crease of the next decade or so, Thurmond became more and more dissatisfied with the direction of the Democratic Party. He had stayed with them, however, because South Carolina, a nd indeed more than of the south, voted predominatel! y Democratic. In a vapourous turn tail, Strom switched to the republi crowd out Party, detailing how his views and theirs had merge through the years. For the Senate Race, it proved to be Strom that the people wanted more than the caller affiliation. His 1964 switch of parties didnt keep him from creation re-elected time and time again (189-205). Indeed, Strom Thurmond has had great influence on the politics of the South. It would be impossible, without writing another(prenominal) book, to detail all of his contributions, positive and negative. Here, we entrust examine a few of the important ones.         Strom has always been a proponent of dear education for all people in his state. While this sounds homogeneous a non- racist view, in Stroms case, it truly wasnt. Strom put onwards that, in effect, the over all education of South Carolina was beingness held back by illiterate Negroes and worked securely to alleviate this problem. He launched special progra ms for adult Negroes early in his career, teaching the glum population to at least be sufficient to sign their name for the next census. No on can get by that this, of course, is an improvement; it was the attitude with which it was offered that makes the racist statement. Strom, like some racists of the time, had an soft view of the black man: whites were superior referable the natural childlike capacity of the blacks. An close to paternal attitude was taken to help out the ugly Negro (128-129).         Perhaps the boldest move in Stroms career was to be the Presidential prospect for the Democratic faction called the Dixiecrats. While those of us, looking back on history, can clearly turn back that the issues that created this faction were racist views, Strom and his party were campaigning on the issues of State vs. Federal rights. This was at a time when desegregation was beginning. Strom strongly felt that this was a face-to-face decision that should be handled by each state as they saw fit. His reason ! for reeling this way is that he, and many of the people he represented, didnt want desegregation. He impregnablely believed that the races should be held separate. In essence, his partys firm stance forced the hand of the haughty Court.
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Our current obliging Rights laws came about, in part, from the negative influence of Strom and his Dixiecrats.         Again, in response to a race issue, Strom launched another unprecedented political act. Having participated in an eightsome day Filibuster with other like-minded senators, Strom began his one-man blockade at 8:45 PM on high-minded 28th, 1957. He spoke out against the proposed Civil Rights Bill and was assay to keep it from passing. after communicate for 24 hours, Thurmond stepped down. He had set a record for the endless filibuster, which still stands today. Even so, he might as well have not verbalise: the bill was passed 60-15.         Lyndon Johnson put forrard Abe Fortas as a Supreme Court Justice nominee. Strom, being a staunch rival of Johnson, immediately attacked his choice. It is unclear if Strom really did find offense with Fortas or if he was just compete the political game. Nonetheless, Strom found three initial reasons wherefore Fortas was unacceptable; 1) Fortas apparently had a reputation for fixing cases for clients, 2) He was involved with the radical flee of the Court and 3) Strom put fore that Fortas repeatedly made decisions that would contribute the Federal rights over those of the States, allowing criminals to go free on technicalities. After several days of unbidden congressional questioning, involving hounding by Thurmond, he withdrew his name fr om the nomination (207-216).         ! Throwing his stick up behind Nixon, Strom was able to use his influence to hold the South for him and ensure the Republican Party nomination for the 1964 Presidential race. He supported Nixon due to his stance of freedom of choice in which the student would strike what school to attend. Under this, no white students chose to attend black school and few black students were up to facing the bullying if they chose a white school. This program would abide by the billet quo, certainly, and never mind that Supreme Court decisions had already refractory on enforced desegregation (219-232).         No one can deny that Strom Thurmond has had an influence on Southern regime as well as the politics of the nation in general. To what extent that that influence reaches and how it has affected the nation, however, is open to debate. One must admit, whether friend of foe, Thurmond has always represented the feelings and choices of the people that elected him. South Carolina and the views of the majority have always been the forefront of Storms concerns. In that aspect, he has been a good Senator for the State. Bibliography Bass, Jack, and Marilyn W. Thompson. Ol Strom: An Unauthorized Biography of Strom Thurmond. Marietta, atomic number 31: Longstreet Press, Inc, 1998. If you want to get a full essay, give it on our website:

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