The Eleventh Amendment (Amendment XI) to the coupled States Constitution, which was passed by the Congress on serve up 4, 1794, and was ratified on February 7, 1795, deals with each states sovereign immunity. This amendment was espouse in order to overrule the U.S. Supreme Courts decision in Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. 419 (1793). The Eleventh Amendment, the first amendment to the Constitution after the Bill of Rights, was adopted following the Supreme Courts ruling in Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. 419 (1793). In Chisholm, the Court ruled that federal courts had the authority to hear cases in law and equity brought by private citizens against states and that states did not sleep together sovereign immunity from befits made by citizens of other states. Thus, the amendment sophisticated Article III, Section 2 of the Constitution, which gave diversity jurisdiction to the judiciary to hear cases between a state and citizens of another state. The amendments school text does not mention turns brought against a state by its birth citizens. However, in Hans v. Louisiana, 134 U.S. 1 (1890), the Supreme Court ruled that the amendment reflects a broader principle of sovereign immunity. As Justice Anthony Kennedy, writing for a five Justice majority, stated in Alden v. Maine, 527 U.S.
706 (1999): which clarifies judicial carry over foreign nationals and limits the ability of citizens to sue states The Judicial king of the get together States shall not be construed to extend to each(prenominal) suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the coupled States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State. The first fag Day in the coupled State! s was observed on September 5, 1882, by the Central patience Union of New York It became a federal holiday in 1894, when, following the deaths of a number of workers at the hands of the U.S. result and U.S. Marshals during the Pullman Strike, President Grover Cleveland put reconciliation with the labor strain as a top...If you want to get a luxuriant essay, order it on our website: OrderEssay.net
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